The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Outpatient Visits: A Rebound Emerges
Topic: The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Outpatient Visits: A Rebound Emerges
The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically changed how outpatient care is delivered in health care practices. To decrease the risk of transmitting the virus to either patients or health care workers within their practice, providers are deferring elective and preventive visits, such as annual physicals. When possible, they are also converting in-person visits to telemedicine visits. For their part, many patients are also avoiding visits because they do not want to leave their homes and risk exposure. Also influencing both provider and patient behavior are the evolving local and state recommendations restricting travel and nonessential services.
On April 23, we published findings demonstrating that early in the pandemic the number of visits to ambulatory care practices declined by nearly 60 percent. In this new post, we update those data through May 16 and add new results showing how the decline varies by the size of the provider organization.
Knowing what impact the COVID-19 pandemic is having on office visits helps us to address several ongoing questions:
- What is the clinical impact of the pandemic? Are people who need more health care still visiting their providers?
- Are new policies encouraging greater use of telemedicine?
- What is the economic impact of the pandemic on health care practices?
Researchers at Harvard University and Phreesia, a health care technology company, analyzed data on changes in visit volume for the more than 50,000 providers that are Phreesia clients. During the study period (mid-February to mid-May) there were more than 12 million visits. The following charts illustrate how declines in visits vary by patient type, geographic area, clinical specialty, and size of provider organization. Details on data sources, analyses, and study limitations are available at the bottom of this post.
Phreesia is a health care technology company that helps ambulatory practices with the patient intake process including registration, insurance verification, patient questionnaires, patient-reported outcomes, and payments. The data reported here come from Phreesia’s clients, which include more than 1,600 provider organizations representing more than 50,000 providers across all 50 states. In a typical year, these provider organizations have more than 50 million outpatient visits, or 1 million visits a week. The provider organizations include independent single-provider practices, multispecialty groups, Federally Qualified Health Centers, and large health systems. Of all visits in a typical week before the pandemic, 47 percent are with primary care physicians (adult and pediatric) and the other 54 percent of visits are spread across more than 25 specialties. Visits with nurse practitioners and physician assistants are included under these 25 other specialties.
The data come from several sources at the practices: 1) practice management/scheduling software; 2) check-in information submitted via patients on the Phreesia platform, such as age; and 3) selected data from the electronic health record, such as problem lists.
Visits were captured from February 1 through May 17, 2020. A visit was counted if it was in the practice’s scheduling software and the patient was “checked in.” A visit is considered checked in when either the patient or someone at the practice (such as a nursing assistant) filled in the necessary information using the Phreesia platform and the patient was ready to see the provider. Telemedicine visits were identified in the scheduling software based on the appointment type or location. Telemedicine includes both telephone and video visits. The data exclude any new Phreesia clients who joined after February 15th, 2020.
Topic Discussed: The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Outpatient Visits: A Rebound Emerges
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